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Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov: Turkmenistan focuses on neutrality in the name of peace and development

02.03.2024 | 14:40 |
 Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov: Turkmenistan focuses on neutrality in the name of peace and development

The modern international situation poses a number of serious issues affecting not only politics, economics and law, but also ethical, judicial relations and relations of honor and dignity, Chairman of the Halk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said, speaking at the third Antalya Diplomatic Forum on March 1.

According to the National Leader of the Turkmen people, today these definitions cannot be considered in isolation, they are united, and therefore, in order to maintain political security, sustainable and economic development, it is necessary to maximally involve the peoples and states of the planet, regardless of the historical role, population size, volume of gross domestic product , military potential or level of technological development.

In this regard, Turkmenistan’s position is firm and clear: such an issue in such a controversial time can and should be resolved through global efforts, based on the norms of international law and the UN Charter, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said.

He recalled that in September 2023, at the plenary meeting of the 78th session of the UN General Assembly, our country made a proposal to develop a Global Security Strategy under the auspices of the Community of Nations, which “we consider as a system of positions and norms on the structure of interstate and international relations in the 21st century and the mechanism for building it.”

Speaking about what initiatives Turkmenistan offers, putting forward a similar position, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov noted: “First of all, under the Global Security Strategy we see a very clear and authoritative position of developing countries, the political role and influence of which is only increasing, and this is a consistent and positive trend "

At the same time, in strengthening global security, Turkmenistan considers it expedient to strengthen work through regional organizations and interstate associations, not only in the political aspect, but also in the economic and humanitarian fields.

He also pointed out that the main tool in carrying out these tasks is the potential of neutrality and preventive diplomacy, which is an attributable element of ensuring conditions for building a unified dialogue aimed at creating a safe and sustainable global architecture, taking into account the interests of all participants.

As confirmation of this, the head of Khalk Maslahaty cited the activities of the UN Regional Center for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia, headquartered in the capital of neutral Turkmenistan - Ashgabat, which was created by a unanimous decision of the members of the UN Security Council and with the support of all countries in the region.

“Neutrality, its norms and practical methods must become more effective and broader than the means used today in the international community,” Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov called. - The status of neutrality provides for non-alignment with blocs, non-use of military force and non-participation in conflicts. And the more countries follow these principles, the more supporters of this approach there are, the less likely conflicts will arise.”

Neutrality can become a positional springboard for healthy and responsible forces, individual countries or an alliance of states, which allows resolving conflict situations and demonstrating that emerging disagreements, no matter how complex and prolonged they may be, can be resolved through peaceful methods and negotiations, the National Leader of the Turkmen people noted. He also mentioned that Turkmenistan initiated the creation of the Group of Friends of Neutrality at the UN, and dozens of countries have already joined this idea.

In his speech, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov drew attention to increasing the influence of countries with economies in transition and ensuring conditions for their full participation in the main processes of the modern world order. “In the context of the economic model of the future, the main focus should be on the distribution of wealth, the means of delivery and the areas of their application. Politicization and infringement of new approaches indiscriminately cannot be allowed,” the head of the Halk Maslakhaty said.

In this context, he identified two main directions: energy connectivity and transport connectivity.

Outlining the strategic course of Turkmenistan on these tracks, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov noted the transition to low-carbon energy, coordination and synchronization of traditional energy sources with new ones, which is dictated by the “green agenda”.

“In this regard, we assign a special role to “green diplomacy” and the predominance of a similar model of cooperation on the planet, which should be based on collective responsibility, overcome corporate and group interests, and serve the future,” the head of Halk Maslakhaty emphasized.

He noted that Turkmenistan is working on the implementation of Eurasian multimodal transport and transit projects passing through the Caspian and Black Seas, uniting Europe, the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region into a single transport system with agreed norms and criteria, and these efforts require support and decision-making at the UN level.

The task and essence of diplomacy is to conduct negotiations, search for common ground, and build strong bridges of interaction. This is exactly what Turkmenistan’s efforts are aimed at, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said.

“We are always ready to direct the neutrality and accumulated experience of a peacemaker towards making our contribution in the name of the interests of peace and the harmonious development of mankind,” the National Leader of the Turkmen people said.

The full speech of the Chairman of the Halk Maslakhaty of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov at the third Antalya Diplomatic Forum was published on the website of the state news agency TDH



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