Grapes, along with cereals, are one of the oldest food products of humankind. The high glucose content is a source of easy and immediate supply of energy to refuel the human reserves. In addition, grapes are rich in vitamins and minerals.
There were medical publications on the benefits of grapes to treat pulmonary diseases, and a grape therapy was offered in pulmonary sanatoriums. Grapes slightly irritate the respiratory tract, as a result, it increases the secretion of mucous and sputum, it eases the cough, and a noticeable expectorant effect is noticed. Hence the undoubted benefits of grape therapy for diseases of the upper airways and lungs.
Such a grape treatment can significantly increase the resistibility of immunity to various kinds of infections and can serve as a tonic. In the middle of the last century, at the All-Union experimental base of the All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences in Turkmenistan named after Lenin (Makhtumkuli district), selectionist A.Solovyov developed a grape with enhanced medicinal properties.
“Currently, there is a wide season of grape ripening, while the pandemic is still alarming around the world. So eat more sun berries as disease prevention and take care of your lungs,” Mukhtar Aliyev, the ORIENT consultant on agricultural issues, PhD in Economy, Honored Economist of Turkmenistan, said.
By the way, according to him, before the mass coming of Europeans in Central Asia, due to high solar activity, there were no cases of tuberculosis on the territory of Turkmenistan.
“In recent decades, mainly technical grape varieties have been grown in Turkmenistan for the production of strong wines. Most of these vineyards are very outdated and require major reconstruction,” Mukhtar Aliyev notes.
According to our expert, wine growing today and, even more in the future, is a very profitable export industry. Therefore, he considers it would be profitable to create private farms on a shareholder basis at the area of 100-150 hectares under significant state support.
“At such a land plot, it is possible to produce 2000-3000 tons of grapes of various technical and table varieties that can compete on the world market.”
According to our expert, particular attention should be paid to grape varieties diversity. In recent years, very little of the popular Ladies’ Fingers variety has seen at the markets, while the aromatic large Muscat variety has not been on sale for decades.
“Such farms should be created on lands with low groundwater, without capital planning, and to be provided with drip irrigation under the most advanced projects, taking into account the introduction of up-to-date technologies for grapes growing and to be equipped with modern equipment for processing grapes to produce the widest range of products – various brands of wines, juices and dried berries.” Mukhtar Aliyev explains. “These farms could open “Wine Houses” outside the country to present a very rich assortment of Turkmen grape products.”
“Turkmen specialists have accumulated extensive experience in growing high yields of grapes, but I would like to remind you one agricultural technique that we used more than half a century ago,” our adviser added.
“After cutting the vineyards, the agricultural tool that somehow looks like a plantation plow with a soil deepener were used in the space between rows. This working tool was used to dig a deep hole in the space between rows, into the bottom of which fertilizer was poured. The main goal of this operation was that this soil deepener at a depth of 40-50 cm destroyed the old root system, contributing to the formation of young root shoots. And the newly-made young root system received a complex of fertilizers with the obligatory content of potassium fertilizers.”
Such a treatment can help the irrigation water to go directly to the root system, while the surface layer, where the root system of weeds is located, received the least moisture.
“Perhaps, such operation in modern practice is performed at a higher technical level, but we should not forget about it. On household plots – mellek, where there is a small number of trees and vineyards, the same operation to apply fertilizers and rejuvenate the root system is carried out using a scrap method.”
The point is that around each tree or bush at a distance of about a meter the hole is made at a depth of 40-50 cm by using the scrap, not its sharp, but its flat end. Then the hole is filled with fertilizers and is lightly covered with soil. In addition to water and fertilizers, air enters this hole, which improves soil aeration and its structure. This operation can be performed annually. For this, it is not necessary to use a traditional scrap; it is possible to adapt any tool that can perform the above-mentioned functions.