A person, as soon as he is born, inherits the surname of his ancestors. And the word “surname” came from Latin and is translated as “family”.
The ways of forming surnames are diverse. Once upon a time, they had information about who were the ancestors, in what area they lived or what they did. Accordingly, any surname has an individual history by which it is possible to trace the annals of the clan.
It is interesting that some Russian surnames are of Turkmen origin. So, for example, the Russian surname Berdyaev was derived from the name Berdy, found in the most Turkic peoples. Initially, this name was also an appendix to the compound name such as, for example, Alla berdy, where “Alla” is “God” and “berdy” means “gave” (“God gave”).
Other word combinations include Berdybai (“Gave the rich”), Berdymurad (“Gave the goal”), etc. Later, the suffix “ev” forming the surname Berdyev was added to the stem of the name Berdy, and in the Russian its version settled as Berdyaev.
Other Turkmen names also had Russian adaptation. The male name Isa, corresponding to the ancient Russian Isus, formed the basis of the surname Isaev. And the roots of the surname Kulomzin go back to the name Kul-Hamza, and there are many such examples. However, digging into etymology, one can note an amazing peculiarity: for example, the surname Turkmensky, a word-formation reminding us of national affiliation, in most cases is derived from Polish.
Basically, representatives with the surname Turkmensky belonged to the Polish gentry. A certain percentage of its holders are representatives of the ancient Russian princely or boyar families. In any case, the surname indicates the area where the distant ancestors lived. The historical roots of the surname Turkmensky were found in the census lists of Ancient Rus in the time of Ivan the Terrible.
According to one version, the prototype of the mysterious person depicted in the painting “An Unknown Woman” by Ivan Kramskoy was Georgian Princess Varvara Turkestanishvili.
The ancient Georgian princely family, whose roots go back to the Cumans who migrated from Turkestan to Georgia, preserved the historical affiliation in the surname. The members of the noble family who moved to Russia had changed its ending to a suffix “ov”. So the descendants of Prince Boris Turkestanov were established in the princedom of the Russian Empire.
The family theme is very deep and interesting. Detailing each syllable of the surname, one can make impressing discoveries.