Over the past decades, such concepts as “male and female professions” have undergone strong changes. If earlier women worked as waitress, seamstresses, cosmetologists, now in these professions they are fiercely competing with representatives of the stronger sex. Football, boxing, weightlifting, and so on were exclusively reserved for men, but now…
According to the State Statistics Committee of Turkmenistan, 45.8% of the employed in the country’s economy are women. At the same time, society representatives of the fair sex are mostly engaged in social activities – health care, education, social security, culture and art, the recreation and entertainment industry.
Men are mainly engaged in those types of economic activity where more difficult and, to some extent, dangerous work prevails – mining and quarrying, construction, transport, cargo storage, etc. For obvious reasons, jobs associated with dangerous and harmful factors are more highly paid.
Precisely, this employees’ distribution according to the branches of economy has determined the ratio of women’s wages to men’s wages, which in the last five years has been on average at the level of 85-90% in Turkmenistan – that is, the gap is 10-15%.
Is it too much or little? Let’s make some comparisons.
According to Internet resources (news.eurabota.ua) the lowest gap is observed in the countries of Europe, namely in Eastern and Western Europe. In the UK, Belgium and the Netherlands, women earn 14-17% less than men.
In Germany, the gap is 22%.
Russian men earn almost 30% more than women. This was reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the voluntary national review of Russia’s achievement of the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
The biggest wage inequality is found in Brazil and India, where women earn 35-36% less than men.
And according to the International Labor Organization (Global Wage Report 2018/2019 What lies behind gender pay gaps, ILO), the global gender pay gap is about 16%. These calculations are based on data from 73 countries, which account for about 80% of the world’s workforce.
The average gender pay gap ranges from 34% in Pakistan to minus 10.3% in the Philippines.
Does the fairer sex living in this country indeed earn more than their men? If so, it’s time for courageous Filipinos to start fighting for their gender rights!
The main global problem remains the lack of representation of women in power. According to the criterion of participation in political activity, the gender gap remains the largest – 77.1%.
As for Turkmenistan, women in this country are employed in almost all sectors of the economy. They are part of the government, make up a third of the parliament and almost a quarter of the leadership corps, leading enterprises and organizations regardless of the form of ownership.