What is behind global indexes and ratings?

What is behind global indexes and ratings?

On Wednesday, the Institute for Economics and Peace published the Global Peace Index 2019. Each year the Institute for Economics and Peace produces the Global Peace Index, the world’s leading measure of national peacefulness, ranking 163 countries that cover 99.7% of the world’s population according to their levels of peace.

The media informs that the Global Peace Index measures the state of peace using three thematic domains – the level of societal safety and security, the extent of ongoing domestic and international conflict and the degree of militarisation.

Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008. It is joined at the top of the Global Peace Index by New Zealand, Austria, Portugal, and Denmark. I do not want to say anything here; I fully admit that they are truly the most peaceful.

And what country, that is, according to the mentioned Institute, as the least peaceful, takes the last index position. Afghanistan is now the least peaceful country in the world, ranking last among 163 countries included in the survey. Well, is it fault of Afghan people that country survives since 1979 due to the conflict of interests, first, of two political systems (communism and capitalism), and then, of foreign, powerful states.

Now the coalition of Western countries is fighting in Afghanistan against the Taliban movement, it is recognized that the coalition cannot win, while holding peace talks to leave the country, though, without much progress. It is only fair to say that it would be right to place next to Afghanistan those countries that fight there and make the index of the Afghan peace to fall.

Or, for example, Libya that ranks 156 in the survey. The county was peaceful and prosperous state before 2011, when it was defeated by an international terrorist community with the intervention of a number of western countries. The Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi, of course, was a difficult negotiator, especially for Western government officials. As a result, he was overthrown and killed, while the civil war in Libya is still ongoing.

At the same time, the countries that took part in the destruction of Qaddafi’s regime are at the top of the rating; it seems that everything is good with the peace index. Still, there are lot of such examples in the survey

I would like to say a few words about the place of Turkmenistan in the Global Peace Index. The country ranks 115 in the survey. The former USSR countries are as follows: Latvia (35), Estonia (37), Lithuania (38), Kazakhstan (64), Moldova (68), Kyrgyzstan (95), Belarus (97), Georgia (99), Uzbekistan (102), Tajikistan (105), Armenia (118), Azerbaijan (130), Ukraine (150) and Russia (154).

Moreover, let us inform you that the United States ranks 128 and China is 110th in the peace index survey. Does the position of state in the peace index tell you anything? Is it good or bad? Judge for yourself.

Since its independence, Turkmenistan never was involved into war operations. There were no civil war or civil chaos in the country. During past decades, there were no any terrorist attack in Turkmenistan. Foreign citizens, who have lived in Turkmenistan for some time, note a high level of public and personal security.

Moreover, Turkmenistan has a neutral status that does not allow military bases of foreign countries to be located on the territory of the state. Nevertheless, the country is placed at the 115th position in the Global Peace Index.

Taking into account above-mentioned, I would like to say that you should not take close to heart the fact that you have been placed in some rating and even under some number, by somewhere on the other side of the world, who does not know you at all. After all, they really might possess limited knowledge about your country. In general, such indices and ratings should be treated as just like an informative source.

It must be admitted that such studies are usually conducted quite subjectively, as the authors claim. So, it does not reflect the real situation. Except this, everything is fine.  Such kind of articles are in a great demand among mass readers. People are always interested to know who is the most peaceful, the most happiest, the most drinker, or, the most sober and so on, the list can be continued endless.

So, enjoy reading the ratings, and, most importantly, based on an article you read, never make any far-reaching conclusion. I would dare to give readers some advice – do not forget that this is just an index or rating produced by someone. The real life is much richer and more interesting.

Nury AMANOV