At a meeting of the Council of Heads of Government of the Commonwealth of Independent States, held in Astana on November 2, 2018, the Agreement on Cooperation of the CIS Countries in the Field of Peaceful Exploration and Use of Outer Space was signed. Now the Agreement is at the stage of ratification by national parliaments.
Within the framework of cooperation, Turkmenistan can contribute to the implementation of joint research projects. For example, after the TürkmenÄlem 52° E satellite was put into near-earth orbit in 2015, providing transmissions of national television channels, the TurkmenSvyaz agency’s Space Agency is developing another satellite satellite project, which is planned to be put into orbit until 2024. This satellite will monitor work in agriculture, oil industry and collect data on the state of the environment.
The astronomical observatory, located 45 kilometers from Ashgabat, on the southwestern slope of Dushak-Erekdag mountain, also has great potential. This research station is located in the so-called “failure” – an area in which there are practically no large observatories. The reconstruction and its inclusion in the general space research system of the CIS will allow scientists and experts to obtain high-precision photometry data and conduct astroseismological studies, to study comets and asteroids.
The Agreement on Cooperation of the CIS Countries in the Field of the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for Peaceful Purposes, as well as the corresponding CIS Convention, adopted in September 2018, will form the basis of the legal framework for interaction of the Commonwealth member countries on the subject of space, joint projects in this area.