Waste treatment in Turkmenistan

Waste treatment in Turkmenistan

All subjects and materials as well as all living beings have their term of existence. But we can give the second life to plastic and glass bottles, paper products and other materials, having sent them for further processing.

Within the framework of the project of the Development Program of the United Nations and Global Environment Fund “Sustainable Cities in Turkmenistan which is realised together with the Ministry of Agriculture and Protection of the Environment of Turkmenistan, in the country industrial processing of wastes is actively developed.

At present, the paper processing economic association “Toprak”, located in the territory of Akhal region successfully functions. Processing production wastes of all kinds of paper, the enterprise manufactures packing and container boards. Production made from recycled paper is used by company “NOWA” which produces packing containers for various enterprises.

It is necessary to note that processing and reuse of paper products allow to keep trees and to lower the level of pollution of nature.

Recycling and processing of plastic waste is also one of the most widespread problems of the city. Thereupon, within the framework of the UNDP project in cities there were installed containers for gathering of plastic waste, partner relations with the companies in plastic processing such, as the individual enterprise «Begler Yoly» which processes plastic bottles, disposable plastic ware and polyethylene packages were adjusted. From secondary raw materials the plastic containers are made for foodstuff, packing of fruit and vegetables, chemical detergent liquids, and also pipes for drop irrigation.

In the situation when plastic and glass go for processing, in the recycle bin also remains organic waste. There worms come to the aid in the solution of this problem. So, businessmen of Turkmenistan have adjusted manufacture of vermicompost. Businessman Dovlet Berdiyev, who has been engaged in this business for 5 years now, can serve a vid example for it.

He has been allotted with a land area of 10 hectares in the peasant association of “Durun” of Baherden district for a long-term use. Vermicompost, made on the technology developed by the businessman, quickly pays off. As raw materials for it organic waste, cardboard, foliage, waste of hothouse economies is used and it makes this method for manufacturers attractive. Now the most part of vermicompost is used for cultivation of agricultural production, including in hothouses.