The capital of Turkmenistan is famous in the whole world for its white marble architecture, many constructions in which number not only buildings, but also monuments or sculptures, have already became the main sights of the city, and some even have been included as “most of the most ” in the Guinness Book of Records. One of such sights of Ashgabat is the State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan. Earlier this museum simply was called as the Main National Museum. In this museum all is remarkable: both its site, and its history, both architecture, and the exhibits stored in it.
It is the first and largest of 26 museums established after Turkmenistan’s independence. The official opening of the museum took place on November 12, 1998. Directly in front of the building on one of the highest flag staffs in the world the flag of Turkmenistan was established. The State Museum of the State Cultural centre of Turkmenistan is equipped by the latest museum technologies, independent systems of power and water supply, halls for restoration, laboratories, and the computer systems supervising illumination, humidity and air temperature.
Today the exposition of the museum complex is divided into 7 thematic galleries in which, in total, more than 166 thousand unique exhibits, many of which represent special historical and cultural value, are kept. In the history and ethnography museum there are the ancient artefacts found during excavation at Nyssa, Marv and Gonur, a collection of ancient Turkmen carpets, rare samples of national clothes, jewellery, and ancient weapon. Figurines of Athena, Eros, gold plated silver griffins, horn–shaped rhytons of ivory, and epoch of Parthia, gold ornaments and medallions-seals from Margiana, Buddhist artefacts are stored in 9 halls. Besides others, here it is possible to see a fossilized piece of wood of the Palaeozoic period, which age is 270 million years, footprints of dinosaurs, the Kunyaurgench meteorite with a weight of 820 kg, fallen in 1998, and many other things.
The modern person is always short of time and therefore virtual video-excursions to the museum find an increasing popularity. After all, how it is convenient, when it is possible without leaving the house or office, to visit all most interesting sections of the exposition, entering the site www.museum.gov.tm.
Virtual excursions are accessible to fans of culture and art in the Turkmen, Russian and English languages, rich video- and photographic materials which familiarize with the most significant exhibits of the State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan.