Central Asia cotton consumption is expanding significantly as countries implement political measures to curb exports and to support value-added use, says the report by the US Department of Agriculture in January edition of the report “Cotton: World Markets and Trade” .
The share of Central Asian countries-Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan – in the world exports has dropped per annum since 2015/16 as 2019/20 shipments are projected to be less than half of the region’s exports just four years earlier.
With stable production, major producing countries such as Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan have sought to secure greater domestic supplies for inward processing and downstream exports (e.g. cotton yarn, fabric, and garments), the report notes.
Starting in January 2020, Uzbekistan banned the export of raw cotton.
Turkmenistan, the second largest producer in the Central Asian region, announced similar measures in the 2018/19 season. The country’s cotton harvest was aimed at ensuring adequate supplies for domestic consumers, American agricultural analysts write.
Tajikistan is also working on the issue of refusing to sell cotton raw materials on foreign markets. By 2025, the country intends to establish a full cycle of processing.
In 2019, Turkmen farmers harvested more than 1.05 million tons of cotton. In August last year, the Turkmen authorities decided to reduce the area under wheat crops in connection with the achieved goals for food security of the country. The lands freed from winter crops will be sown with cotton, given that the targets for cotton production may grow to 1.25 million tons in 2020.
This step is due to the operation of a state-of-the-art infrastructure in the country, consisting of dozens of cotton spinning factories and textile complexes that consistently expand the production range and increase export potential.