Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran will gain access to the Black Sea through the ports and shipping companies of Kazakhstan. As reported by Kazakh media, the Senate of Kazakhstan adopted the law “On Ratification of the Agreement on Shipping”, signed by the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union.
The media quoted the Deputy Minister of Industry and Infrastructure Development Berik Kamaliev, who noted that the agreements on shipping simplify the permitting procedure for the transit passage of ships on the inland waterways of the parties. In particular, the period for consideration of the application for a transit passage has been reduced to 10 days, and the application will be considered by the Ministry of Transport of Russia. Currently, a permit for a transit passage is issued by the government of the Russian Federation and its receipt takes from 3 to 6 months. The permit is issued by Russia, since only the Russian Federation has inland waterways, along which transit navigation of vessels is possible.
Kamaliev explained that only Kazakh companies will have the opportunity to simplify passage along the inland waterways of Russia, and in this regard, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and Iran, which are not part of the Eurasian Union, are showing interest in transporting goods from ports in the Caspian to the Black Sea ports, using Kazakhstan carriers (Kazmortransflot, OMS shipping).
Kamaliev stressed that this will significantly increase the transit potential of the Kazakh ports of Aktau and Kuryk along the Trans-Caspian international transport route.
“Accordingly, taking into account the adoption of the agreement, it is possible to increase the transit traffic through the waterways of Russia to 250-300 thousand tons of cargo per year by 2025,” Kamaliev predicted.