Turkmen yuzarlik as an effective antibacterial treatment

Turkmen yuzarlik as an effective antibacterial treatment

At the present time, in many parts of the world, the spread of the COVID-19 is still alarming and making people to fear that that this curse has come once and would last forever, and meanwhile the scientific community of different countries is breaking their heads over the development of means and methods that will help protect humanity.

Group of scientists and specialists leaded by D.K. Gadamov, Ph.D, Director of the Institute of Chemistry under the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan, took out a patent on copyright to the invention titled “Method of briquetting harmala plant (Peganum harmala)”.

What the invention is about?

One of the most effective medicinal plants in the arsenal of traditional medicine of the Turkmen is yuzarlik (Harmala). The ancestors of the Turkmen used it for many centuries to get rid of various illnesses and diseases.

The method of application is simple, like everything that was invented by folk craftsmen: dried stalks and inflorescences with seeds were crushed and set on fire in a small vessel in order to fill the room where a patient in with smoke. It has a astringent, wormwood-bitter, spicy tonic aroma.

Yet we live in the XXI century and any kind of medicines and medical devices is available for doctors and patients, as an additional protective and preventive measure, our contemporaries still use same methods as the ancestors of the Turkmens used.

Fortunately, it is easy to get yuzarlik – the open field is abandoned with this plant, and at the bazaar, it would not cost you much to buy it. Cheap and, as practice shows, effective.

The point is, when burned, the plant has effective disinfection properties. This fact is confirmed by the above-mentioned experience of the Turkmens, who from time immemorial used it to fumigate the home where the infected was in and thereby or protection against Djinn and Demon. In our days, it is re-called as the plant is used prevent the spread of pathogenic microbes, bacteria and viruses.

However, in-house method of using yuzarlik does not exclude the possibility of fire-hazardous situations, burn wounds, in case of careless handling of burning twigs, etc. And excessive smoke pollution in the room may have negative effect for the patient’s health, etc.

That is why the specialists of the academic institute focused on this topic, having developed a methodology for creating therapeutic and preventive briquettes on the basis of yuzarlik, approved by patent No. 831 issued by the State Service for Intellectual Property of the Ministry of Finance and Economy of Turkmenistan.

The author’s certificate of Turkmen chemists is based on studies that confirmed that many microbes and viruses cannot withstand the smoke of yuzarlik rich in alkaloids and ozone.

First of all, with the help of a mobile environmental laboratory “Water. Soil. Air ” on the basis of KAMAZ (by the way, the only in the region of Central Asia), the chemical composition of yuzarlik was studied in details by physicochemical methods – thin layer chromatography, chromatography-mass-spectrometry, titrometry, an calorimetry.

“During the study, our experts have established that when yuzarlik burned in the room, a complex biologically active compound of harmine alkaloid is segregated, which has therapeutic effect on the human body,” says Durdymyrat Gadamov, Director of the Institute of Chemistry. “In addition, the volume of ozone in the room when yuzarlik burned, increases several times, which, in turn, significantly increases its disinfecting effect.”

It is well known that ozone is used to disinfect air, water, clothing, bed linen, food, detoxification, get rid of pathogenic microorganisms, fungi, room mold, sterilize medical instruments and equipment, as well as to increase human immunity.

By the way, let us recall that the ancestors of the Turkmen used yuzarlik not only to fumigate the home, but also used its seeds as intake treatment for gastrointestinal diseases and poisoning. It was proved by time as this method of treatment has been preserved in the people’s memory to our time.

It is believed that the priests of Margiana, the fifth center of world civilization, discovered on the territory of Turkmenistan and well studied by Turkmen, Russian, American, Italian and other scientists, used the drink Soma or Haoma, which included yuzarlik seeds.

This “divine elixir” was described in ancient Persian Zoroastrian texts Avesta and the Vedic texts of Hinduism. Yuzarlik is also mentioned by the Central Asian Sufis – Muslim mystics, who used drinking on the basis of yuzarlik not only to maintain health, but also to achieve “divine consciousness” through a religious trance.

The great physician of the East, Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known as Avicenna in Europe, in his famous treatise “The Canon of Medicine”, described in detail the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of yuzarlik (harmala).

The encyclopedia “Medicinal Plants of Turkmenistan”, written by President Berdimuhamedov, who is a professional physician, specialist with basic medical education, provides a detailed and rather long list of substances contained in yuzarlik that, if used wisely, have a beneficial effect on the human body.

Outside Turkmenistan, harmala grows in other Central Asian countires, in the Caucasus and Ukraine, southern regions of Kazakhstan, Russia and Europe, in Western Siberia.

However, the Turkmen yuzarlik, due to the arid growth zone and the nature-and-climatic features of the country, has a more concentrated juice. And it makes it more effective as an antiviral agent.

“In addition to individual use, it can be used as a mass one,” continues Durdymyrat Kurbanovich, “For example, for fumigation – the destruction of pathogens using a compressor filled with yuzarlik smoke. This method can be used in large areas – in hospitals, checkpoints and customs points for handling cargo and vehicles, wagons, etc.”

This method would be much cheaper, safer and more effective than the existing methods based on the use of chemical disinfectants. At the moment, specialists from the Institute of Chemistry are studying the possibilities of using equipment for fumigation using yuzarlik smoke.

But it can be a separate topic for conversation …

Enedjan KEPBANOVA,
Institute of Chemistry under
the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan

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