The first round of discussions with the participation of specialists from government departments, business companies and public organizations in Ashgabat brought a new impetus to the dialogue on the rational use of natural resources, environmental protection and adaptation to climate change.
The format of these discussions, initiated by Turkmen NGOs (the public organization Yashyl Shokhle and the nonprofit organization Unanch-Vepa), covered international and national legislation on the most relevant topics on the environmental agenda.
The participants were acquainted with the scientific publications of paleoclimatologists, which clearly indicate that the climate on our planet has always undergone changes due to the influence of various natural factors: fluctuations in the level of solar radiation, Earth’s pole shift, glaciation, continental drift and volcanic eruptions.
It is known that due to the rapid economic development of countries and the active intervention of humans in ecosystems, the anthropogenic influence, which traditionally includes the activities of the fuel and energy complex, transport (aviation, rail and road transport), agriculture, and deforestation, serves as a catalyst accelerator of global climate change.
The participants in the discussion were particularly interested in the method of joint reading and discussion of international documents, such as the World Charter of Nature, the Paris Agreement, and the Aarhus Convention. This method was proposed by the moderator of the seminar – Arslan Berdyev, a specialist in international water law.
This approach allowed the participants to provide a common understanding of the terminology and interpretation of one or another international document, which is very important for achieving coordination of actions of all interested parties in the field of rational use of natural resources and adaptation to climate change.
Ahead of the next round, which involves acquainting the participants in the dialogues with the legal and institutional structure of the environmental sector of Turkmenistan, existing national programs that provide for the participation of public organizations and analysis of available resources of public sector organizations.
A separate session will be aimed at informing participants about the experience of developing in-country water resources with an excursion into the history of irrigation and discussing the prospects for the development of traditional irrigation methods using modern IT technologies.
Future plans include studying the foreign experience of partnership platforms for cooperation between government departments, business communities and public organizations in order to effectively interact with the implementation of national plans and environmental strategies of Turkmenistan.