The Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan is one of the first research establishments to change over to cost accounting completely from January, 2020.
Transition of research establishments into self-financing is not experiment, and it is already for a long time a proven effective measure for intensification of their activity, for increase of material interest and responsibility of scientific organisations.
Partially the Institute of Chemistry shifted over to self-financing in 2014, having completed the volume of profit from conducted scientific works and services from one million manats to almost four and a half million last year, and continuing to conduct research activity and to prepare highly-skilled personnel for the chemical industry of Turkmenistan and teaching activity.
Skilled doctors and candidates of science work at the Institute to this day and theoretical and practical knowledge is invaluable for several generations of students and young experts.
ORIENT talked to Doctor of Chemistry, research assistant of the Institute of Chemistry Alty Aydogdyev who told about prospects of development of the chemical branch in Turkmenistan.
In 1965 Alty Aydogdyev, after graduation from the Tashkent state university, by referral arrived in Ashgabat and started to work at the Institute of Chemistry under the guidance of skilled academicians Aida Niyazova, Semen Sergienko and Georgii Sedelnikov. At the guidance of these three coryphaeuses also there emerged a solid chemical school by Aga Mammedov, Hemra Nepesov, Hojanepes Evjanov, and Boris Kuljaev who have brought further a huge contribution to the development of science in Turkmenistan.
In those days the Institute completely was engaged in development of scientific bases of processing of riches of natural bowels of Turkmenistan, including research of structure and composition of Turkmen oil, use of underground waters.
– Further it is necessary for us to increase assortment of products from oil and natural gas, – Alty Aydogdyev noted, speaking about prospects of development of the branch. – For example, in neighbouring Uzbekistan from natural gas more than hundred types of production are produced. In this sense Japan also shows no fewer examples and without possessing natural resources, it buys oil and produces from it many kinds of products.
Now in Turkmenistan from oil lubricant oils, polypropylene, oil coke, road and building bitumen, at Seydi oil refining factory – diesel fuel, rectangular gasoline and other oil products are manufactured.
– The head of our state calls for development of gas chemistry in the country. All over the world 90 % of extracted natural gas is used as an energy carrier. In Turkmenistan we try to transform natural gas from the category of “fuel” into the category of “chemical raw materials». Earlier from natural gas only technical carbon was obtained and now in Balkan province the factory which manufactures polyethylene and polypropylene on the basis of natural gas was constructed, – the academician said.
Besides it, Alty Aydogdyev paid attention to the necessity of disclosing of potential of Garabogazkol located in the west of Turkmenistan. The gulf is rich with deposits of sulphate of sodium on which basis it is possible to produce soda ash or caustic soda which is so necessary for glass manufacture.
The city type area of the region Gyzylkaya in Balkan province is rich in iron. It is necessary to enrich it a little by constructing a corresponding profile factory and there will be no necessity of delivering iron ore from neighbouring Iran.
Now scientists are also engaged in the issue of use of sulphur by manufacture of building materials, as now in the world sulphur manufacture exceeds its consumption and its surplus is observed.
– And the most important thing, – Alty Aydogdyev summed up, – it is necessary to involve even more youth from all over the country in science and scientific researches.