The Chinese automatic interplanetary station for studying the Moon and outer space Chang’e-4 made the first successful soft landing in history on the reverse side of the Earth satellite.
The China National Space Administration (CNSA) planted the Chang’e-4 robotic probe in the region of the unexplored South Pole, in the Aitken basin, the largest crater on the lunar surface (2500 km in diameter and 13 km in depth), whose origin is attributed to a collision of a satellite with a large space object. Then the device sent the first image of the surface.
The mission of “Chang’e-4” is aimed at carrying out detailed measurements of the relief of the moon and the mineral composition of the soil. Chinese researchers believe that, due to the alleged collision in the Aitken basin, particles of another space object may be detected, which, in turn, will shed light on the history of the Moon. Or, at least, the inner layers of the cosmic body exposed by the collision will allow finding out how the Earth satellite was formed.
Also the landing module of the probe holds a container with the seeds of potatoes, plants and silkworm eggs to conduct a biological experiment “Moon mini-biosphere” – attempts to green the moon.
The landing of “Chang’e-4” is an important milestone in the process of space exploration. Now the world is holding its breath, waiting for a report on the fulfillment of the research mission and the confirmation of the statement of 2017 about sending Chinese astronauts to the Moon.
At least, in the framework of the Chang’e project, China intends to create two more vehicles – No. 5 and No. 6 for the delivery of research material from the Moon to the Earth. By 2022, the Celestial Empire also plans to launch its space station.