The Central Asian Conference on Climate Change and COVID-19 Pandemic Response within the Region has started today. Over the course of five days, the event participants will familiarize their colleagues with measures aimed at preventing further climate change and discuss the relevance of their implementation in the process of shaping a climate policy in the region.
Representatives of both the United Nations and the European Union noted in their reports that over the past seven years, heavy rainfall, mudflows and droughts have resulted in losses in agriculture in Central Asia (CA) countries and pose a real threat to the lives of local populations involved in agriculture.
From 1990 to 2020, the temperature in the Central Asian countries increased by an average of 2 degrees Celsius. This causes higher annual expenses for air conditioning systems for residents and an increase in emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere.
Although harmful emissions have decreased due to the pandemic in 2020 by 50% compared to the data of 2019, and the programs being implemented under the Green Investments Project have allowed the recovery of fertility for 2500 hectares of degraded land in Central Asia over the past few years, the results achieved clearly not enough to improve the situation globally.
All the event participants specified the lack of water resources as the main problem in Central Asia. It is no coincidence that regional measures to improve the situation with the waterways of the countries in the region are the main goal of the EU’s cooperation with the Central Asian countries.
Following the first day of the conference, all participants confirmed their intention to continue the active teamwork, which is to result in improving the situation related to access to water resources in the states of the Central Asian region.