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International Day of Remembrance of Abulqasim Firdousi

18.05.2020 | 11:03 |
 International Day of Remembrance of Abulqasim Firdousi

On May 14, Iran and other countries celebrate the International Day of Remembrance of Hakim Abulqasim Firdousi, the greatest Persian poet in the history of the East and the author of the historical and epic poem “Shahnameh”. In Tehran, Mashhad, Tus and other cities of Iran, conferences, online scientific seminars and cultural and educational events dedicated to this day were held.

The Shahnameh or Book of the Kings is the largest and most outstanding work in the history of Persian literature. Creating his poem, Firdousi turned to various written sources. More than a thousand years have passed since the creation of the Shahnameh, however, this epic is still very popular among Iranians.

By his own admission, Firdousi devoted 30-35 years of his life to his work, as a result of which about 60 thousand bates (couplets) were created. “Shahnameh” immediately gained great popularity among the people.

Although the epic is called “Shahnameh” or “Book of kings” and is compositionally divided into 50 so-called reigns (“padishahs”), its main idea is to exalt the beloved homeland, strength and power of the common people, their true heroes. The whole epic is permeated with sympathy for the people of work, and first of all for the peasants.

These sympathies and humanism of Firdousi are especially pronounced in the lyrical digressions glorifying a person, his mind, courage, honesty. The Shahnameh protests against despotism, oppression, and unjust wars. Firdousi urges rulers to take care of ordinary people, not to tax them with excessive taxes in natural disasters, to protect from arbitrariness of officials.

It would not be an exaggeration to say that the unity and connection of opposites were reflected in the Shahnameh in a magnificent artistic form. In the epos, such polar concepts as glory and shame, love and hate, light and darkness, friendship and enmity, black and white, nobility and meanness, death and life, victory and defeat, ugliness and beauty, are intertwined in an eternal struggle. However, in accordance with the poet’s worldview, his faith in a bright beginning and in everything positive, in the epic of Firdousi this struggle ends with a victory of love, light, purity, kindness and beauty.

All that is destined will come to life Of what is given to us by fate from birth. Under the wings of fateful destiny Even the sighted may go blind.

The poem “Shahnameh” had a huge impact on the further development of Persian poetry, as well as the literature of the peoples of the East. It was repeatedly translated into the languages of the peoples of Europe and other countries, and found a huge number of admirers around the globe. And now the “Shahnameh” is a kind of symbol of the dialogue of cultures, the need for which is increasingly recognized by the peoples of the planet.

Firdousi's biography ended where it began - in his hometown of Tus in 1020 or, according to some reports, in 1030. In 1934 a mausoleum was erected over his grave to commemorate the thousandth anniversary of the birth of the Persian poet.

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