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The SCO Samarkand Summit: a historic transition to new formats of interaction

17.09.2022 | 06:04 |
 The SCO Samarkand Summit: a historic transition to new formats of interaction

Today's world is witnessing a departure from the established and stagnant mechanisms of global cooperation, which no longer cope with the challenges of modernity in a way that suits at least the majority of participants in the process. The platforms of international cooperation themselves are being transformed, which was clearly demonstrated by the Samarkand summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

In the context of serious shifts in world politics and the economy, the relevance and uniqueness of the SCO Samarkand Summit increases even more, analysts say.

As noted by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who chaired a meeting of the SCO heads of state in an expanded format on Friday, "in the light of the events taking place around us, today's summit has a special, historical significance". The Shanghai Cooperation Organization is entering a new, even more responsible stage of its development.

Самаркандский саммит ШОС: исторический переход к новым форматам взаимодействия

First of all, it is important to continue to maintain the non-aligned status of the SCO and its openness, focus on broad international cooperation, and adhere to the principle of indivisibility of security. It is necessary that Central Asia continue to remain the "geographical core" of the SCO, the Uzbek leader stressed.

The meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization was also attended by the leaders of the member states, observer countries, honorary guests, heads of the UN.

Among the participants of the Council of Heads of State of this international organization are President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping, Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of Pakistan Shahbaz Sharif, President of Kazakhstan Kassym–Jomart Tokayev, President of Kyrgyzstan Sadyr Zhaparov, President of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon.

Leaders of the SCO observer countries and honorary guests of the summit also participated - President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov, President of Iran Ibrahim Raisi, President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan, President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev, President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko, President of Mongolia Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh.

That is, the geographical coverage of the delegates of the event – the leaders of 15 countries – is impressive. Taking into account the economic potential and human resources, territorial advantages and natural resources of these states, interaction on the SCO platform and with the SCO in the space beyond the "Shanghai family" can become truly effective and promising. More flexible and mobile, more transparent and fair than global mechanisms.

This is especially relevant with the beginning of the expansion of the organization, real prospects for the imminent accession to the SCO of a number of states playing an important regional role.

Thus, at the Samarkand summit, a memorandum was signed on Iran's obligations in order to obtain the status of a member state of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, decisions were made to begin the procedure for the admission of the Republic of Belarus to the SCO and to grant the Republic of Maldives, Bahrain, the UAE, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, the State of Kuwait the status of a SCO dialogue partner.

Самаркандский саммит ШОС: исторический переход к новым форматам взаимодействия

The most urgent tasks of expanding the SCO's trade and economic geography were announced at the summit by the presidents of the countries, including the head of Turkmenistan, Serdar Berdimuhamedov, who called on colleagues for a systematic partnership in energy, transport and security. That is, in those key areas that are important not only for each state individually, but for the region and the continent, the world as a whole.

We live in an era of increasing importance of energy and transport connectivity, which serves the most important goal formulated as the basic principle of the SDGs "Leave no one behind".

The fulfillment of this commitment of the 2030 Agenda implies the formation of a political field conducive to this, not as a field of opposing forces – large and small, rich and poor, privileged and vulnerable, strong and developing States - but as a field of equal dialogue between all.

The SCO Samarkand Summit demonstrated the success of this approach or the principle of international cooperation, identifying its main vectors, a turn towards the creation of new, more effective mechanisms of cooperation that should replace obsolete instruments.

For no matter how perfect and debugged any mechanism is, it should not become an enemy of the good and the common good, peace and friendship in our difficult third millennium on the path of human civilization, which is, in fact, nothing more than a single international organization.

Head of the Center for Strategic Studies
Institute of International Relations
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan

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