Medicinal plants – in the medical science of Turkmenistan

Medicinal plants – in the medical science of Turkmenistan

“Pharmacy under your feet” is the name of the flora of our planet. Indeed, many plants conceal valuable biologically active substances that can affect human health.

Studying the useful composition of rare and endangered species, the biotechnologists of the Ashgabat Technology Center, together with the research center of the State Medical University of Turkmenistan, carried out joint work to propagate non-field medicinal plants.

In a conversation with an ORIENT correspondent, Irina Semina, senior researcher at the Center for Technology’s laboratory, revealed secrets of how scientists achieved year-round plant growth in climate chambers.

– We have long been engaged in the cultivation of medicinal herbs. With the help of long samples, we introduced the method of root cultivation in vitro. This allows you to get from 3 to 8 thousand full-fledged plants throughout the year that grow under sterile conditions and can be used in the treatment of various diseases.

It is worth noting that the developed method in the laboratory allowed for a short time to produce: amaranth, marshmallow, stevia rebudian (natural sweetener), camel thorn, medicinal sage and other plants.

For example, the UN Food Commission recognized amaranth as a 21st-century plant. It can rightfully be considered a pantry of vitamins and minerals. The grains contain unsaturated fatty acids, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, vitamins B1, B2, C, E, D. All plants are grown by “in vitro”, which means “in vitro.”

“In vitro cultivation is the only way to preserve and restore populations of endangered species. Currently, as part of these studies, preclinical trials of extracts and squeezes prepared from medicinal plants are being conducted.

But in addition to everything else, other works are being carried out in the biotechnology laboratory. For example, the topic “Reproduction of medicinal plants in a biotechnological way and conducting their physiological micromorphological studies” is being studied.

According to the expert, this study will contribute to increasing attention to the rich botanical biodiversity of Turkmenistan and expanding international scientific cooperation.

Svetlana DAVIDOVICH