International Anti-Corruption Day is celebrated annually on December 9 at the initiative of the United Nations.
On this day, December 9, 2003, the UN Convention against corruption (adopted by the UN General Assembly on October 31, 2003) was opened for signature at a high-level political conference in Merida, Mexico.
The document includes measures to prevent corruption, punish guilty persons, as well as mechanisms for international cooperation in the fight against it. It obliges member states to pursue anti-corruption policy, approve relevant laws and establish special bodies to combat this phenomenon.
In accordance with the Convention, each state party endeavors to establish measures obliging public officials to submit declarations on off-duty activities, occupations, investments, and assets to the appropriate authorities.
The UN Convention against corruption came into operation in December 2005. Currently, 186 participants have joined it.
The World Bank estimates that one trillion dollars is wasted every year in the world.
Turkmenistan joined the UN Convention against corruption on March 28, 2005.