In Turkmenistan, according to the Constitutional Law “On Introduction of Amendments and Additions to the Constitution of Turkmenistan” adopted at the meeting of the Halk Maslakhaty on Friday, a two-chamber parliament will be created.
The Turkmen media has published the text of the Constitutional Law on Saturday. Herewith ORIENT features the review of this law so that readers can have idea what the two-chamber parliament of Turkmenistan will be like.
So, in accordance with the Constitution of the country, the Turkmen bicameral parliament will be called Milli Gengesh (National Council) of Turkmenistan and is a representative body that exercises legislative power. The National Council will have two chambers – the Halk Maslakhaty and the Mejlis. Earlier, the Halk Maslakhaty was the “highest representative body”, while the Mejlis was the parliament.
The Halk Maslakhaty will have 56 members in total – 8 from each of the country’s provinces (velayat), 8 from the city of Ashgabat, who are elected by secret ballot at relevant meetings of the Halk Maslakhaty of five velayats and the city of Ashgabat, and 8 nominated by the President of Turkmenistan.
A citizen of Turkmenistan, having reached the age of 30, with higher education, and permanently residing in Turkmenistan for the past ten years, will be eligible to be elected and appointed as a member of the Halk Maslakhaty. In addition, each ex-president of Turkmenistan will be a member of the Halk Maslakhaty except he refuses to use this right.
The Mejlis will consist of 125 deputies who are elected in electoral districts with an approximately equal number of voters. A citizen of Turkmenistan, having reached the age of 25 and permanently residing in Turkmenistan for the past ten years will be eligible to be elected as a deputy of the Mejlis.
The terms of office of members and deputies of the National Council of Turkmenistan are 5 years.
The Halk Maslakhaty has the powers as follow: approve or reject the Constitution, constitutional and other laws adopted by the Mejlis; decide on the holding of national referenda; upon the proposal of the President of Turkmenistan, consider the issues of appointment and dismissal of the chairman of the Supreme Court of Turkmenistan, the Prosecutor General, the Minister of the Interior, the Minister of Justice; award the President of Turkmenistan with state awards, to assign him military and other state ranks; solve the issue of changing the state border of Turkmenistan; considers issues of peace, security and solve other issues.
The authority of the Mejlis includes following: consider drafts of the Constitution, constitutional and other laws, control on implementation of laws; consider the issue of approving the State budget, main directions of domestic and foreign policy of the state; call the election of the President of Turkmenistan, deputies of the Mejlis, members of the local Halk Maslakhaty at the levels of region, district and city; at the proposal of the head of state, choose an authorized representative for human rights in Turkmenistan; institutes state awards; ratifies and denounces international treaties,and other issues.
The election of members to the Halk Maslakhaty chamber has been scheduled by the President of Turkmenistan for March 2021.
The deputies of the Mejlis of the sixth convocation retain their authorities for the period established by law until the next elections of deputies of the Mejlis of Milli Gengesh. The last time elections to the Mejlis were held in 2018, the terms of office of deputies are 5 years.
The Constitutional Law “On Introduction of Amendments and Additions to the Constitution of Turkmenistan” comes into force on January 1, 2021. While before that, in accordance with the resolution of the Halk Maslakhaty, it is necessary to complete work on introduction appropriate amendments and additions to the laws of Turkmenistan and other legislation related to the creation of a two-chamber parliament.