Specialists of the National Directorate for Protection, Study and Restoration of Historical and Cultural Monuments, the Institute of History and Archeology of the Academy of Sciences transferred the findings made during the year to the country’s museums. Historical treasures have enlarged the exposition of the Ak Bugday National Museum of Ahal province. The collections of historical and local history museums of Lebap and Mary provinces are also planned to be renewed in the near future.
Archaeologists can discovery precious findings in Turkmenistan at every step. “Surprises” left by ancestors to curious descendants are inexhaustible source for study. The important strategic region as the cultural, trade and craft center of the subcontinent, and the heart of the Great Silk Road has always attracted the attention of travelers and immigrants, military and scientists, merchants and researchers.
In the mysterious Margiana, the masters knew the way to process stone and bronze so finely and elegantly that the jewelers of our day could not reproduce the masterpieces of ancient time without special equipment. In the “academy” of Kunya Urgench and the book depositories of the Sasanian Empire, which gave rise to the libraries of Ancient Merv, truly priceless treasures of wisdom were collected. Unique architectural traditions were formed during the construction of numerous palaces, mausoleums, fortresses, mosques.
Today, about 1,500 objects of national historical and cultural heritage are registered by the state. This list is constantly growing due to the archaeological “exploring” of new historical monuments that are of architecture or engineering value.
Ahal and Mary provinces are the “richest” in terms of historical monuments. In Ahal, there is a whole scattering of sights from the time of the Parthians and the great Seljuks – Nisa, Serahs, as well as ancient settlements as Altyn-Depe, Namazga-Depe.
Mary province and its capital – the successor of the Ancient Merv – are real “archaeological paradise.” Margiana, Kingdom of the Bronze Age, discovered by the world famous archaeologist Viktor Sarianidi, still continues to surprise researchers with more and more new findings. In addition, there are many other interesting “kala” (fortress) in the region: Dandanakan, Abdullahan-Kala, Bayramalihan-Kala, Big and Small Kyz-Kala, caravanserais on the way from Merv to Gurjand, mausoleums, the pearl of which is the Sultan Sanjar tomb.
In accordance with the state plan, large-scale research and restoration works are carried out at the fortress of Kyz-Kala. Scientists have found that it was a two-story building. Its courtyard consisted of rooms of various sizes, in one of which a figurine of the goddess Anahita and a ceramic vessel with the image of a woman riding a horse were found. This fact pushed historians to ask a question again: why this mysterious monument is called Kyz-Kala – “Maiden Fortress”?
Significant historical monuments are also located in other regions of the country – Lebap, Dashoguz and Balkan. All of them are studied by experts of the National Directorate for Protection, Study and Restoration of Historical and Cultural Monuments and other relevant institutions.
The results of the activity of directorate will be presented at the conference: “The Importance of Study of Historical and Cultural Monuments along the Great Silk Road: Restoration and Conservation, Scientific Analysis”, which is scheduled for December 6 at the Museum of Fine Arts of Turkmenistan.
It is planned to publish a book that will fully describe the artifacts found and transferred to museums of Turkmenistan.
Today, museums of Turkmenistan are the country’s cultural brand and the richest research institutes. They feature exhibits that preserve the thousand-year history of the Turkmen people and are of truly worldwide value.
A modern museum is much more than a permanent exhibition and building. These are exhibitions of international importance, off-country shows, and education programs, participation in cultural festivals to promote the national heritage and raise awareness of new research.
Therefore, they were and would remain a favorite place for school (and not only) excursions, where visitors can feel the greatness of their ancestors and feel the full scope of their creative, scientific and political view. They provide access to masterpieces of art, historical values, knowledge accumulated over the centuries.