The convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea, which was discussed in the pentalateral format for more than 20 years, was adopted at the 5th Summit of the Heads of the Caspian states in the Kazakh city of Aktau.
The document, which is rightly called the Constitution of the Caspian Sea, was signed by the presidents of Turkmenistan – Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, Azerbaijan – Ilham Aliyev, Iran – Hasan Roukhani, Kazakhstan – Nursultan Nazarbayev and Russia – Vladimir Putin.
After the signing ceremony of the Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea, the presidents of the countries of the region talked to the representatives of the media.
President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, in his message to journalists, highly appreciating the results of the Summit, noted the active participation of all the Caspian states in the development of the Convention and expressed hope for the effective implementation of its provisions.
The Turkmen leader noted that the meeting was an important stage in building the architecture of relations between the Caspian states, forming the political and legal bases for further cooperation in various directions, strengthening the bonds of friendship, mutual respect and sincere sympathy among the peoples of the Caspian countries.
As the experts note, the convention is a completely unique document, which is a great contribution to development in the newest history of world diplomacy. Since in the last quarter of a century humanity has not been able to solve such complex problems for such a long time in a multilateral format.
According to the convention, the main area of the water surface of the Caspian Sea remains in the common use of the parties, and the bottom and subsoil are divided by neighboring states into plots by agreement between them on the basis of international law.
Shipping, fishing, scientific research and laying of main pipelines are carried out according to the rules agreed upon by the parties. When implementing large-scale marine projects, the ecological factor is necessarily taken into account.
The Convention fixes the provision on the prevention of the presence of the armed forces of the extra-regional powers in the Caspian, determines the five Caspian littoral states responsible for maintaining maritime security and managing its resources.