Reaching a peace agreement with the Taliban movement is a key component for the reduction of violence in Afghanistan. This was announced at the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Summit in Bishkek by President of Afghanistan Ashraf Ghani.
He noted the US commitment to a political solution in Afghanistan and added that regional consensus on peace and addressing Taliban’s interdependencies with their supporters will take time. President of Afghanistan made suggestions on Afghan peace: A regional and international coalition for peace should be formed, A regional task force should be formed to develop bankable programs and projects for regional connectivity and poverty reduction. According to Afghan President, the issues of narcotics and fighting terrorism should be comprehensively addressed within the peace-making and peacebuilding framework.
It should be noted here that in recent days the tone of the official Kabul’s statements has changed. This became especially noticeable after the negotiations of the U.S. Special Envoy for Afghanistan Zalmay Khalilzad with President of Afghanista that took place a few days ago in Kabul. Soon the American diplomat announced that the peace talks with the Taliban had entered a new phase.
At a time, media sources said that the Afghan government has released at least 170 Taliban inmates from the Pul-e-Charkhi jail and that 130 others are expected to be freed. The announcement on the release of the prisoners was made by President Ghani earlier in May. According to the sources, the released prisoners were imprisoned on charges of membership and cooperation with the Taliban and were sentenced to years of prison.
On the occasion of Eid al-Fitr, Ghani announced the release of 887 prisoners as part of his efforts to persuade the resurgent group to engage in intra-Afghan dialogue to end the conflict through diplomatic settlement.
At the same time, it should be noted that forces interested in continuing this war oppose the peace process in Afghanistan. The Afghan war is not only a conflict of interest between the forces of the Western coalition and Kabul, on the one hand, and the Taliban, on the other. There are also cross-border forces that earn huge sums in war and drugs in Afghanistan. Solving this problem will be as difficult as reconciliation between official Kabul and the Taliban. Therefore, of course, the path to peace in Afghanistan will not be easy. But there is no other option.