The online meeting took place today between the management and experts of the National Department for Protection, Study and Restoration of Historical and Cultural Monuments and famous foreign scientists, who have devoted a lot of years to archaeological researches in the territory of Turkmenistan.
Among them deputy director of the Institute of History of Material Culture of the Russian Academy of Sciences Natalia Solovyeva and Doctor of Historical Sciences Nadezhda Dubova, Dr. Barbara Cerazetti from the University of Bologna (Italy), professor Carlo Lippolis, Dr. Bendezou-Sarmiento and Dr. Joanna Luiller, professor Linni Rose, doctor Paul Wordsworth from Oxford and Dr.Martina Rugiadi, New York Metropolitan Museum of Art. Doctor José Luis Blesa from Spain and professor of the Department of Silk Road of University college of London Tim Williams also joined discussions.
They discussed results joint with Turkmen colleagues of the field and scientific researches, new plans, to start which realisation will be possible after cancellation of restrictions on the international trips, shared opinions on archaeological discovery and unique Turkmen monuments.
The international cooperation in the field of protection and study of monuments of history and culture in Turkmenistan is carried out according to the Recommendation of UNESCO defining principles of the international regulation of archaeological excavations.
Turkmenistan in 1994 ratified the Convention of UNESCO on protection of world cultural and natural heritage. For the last years within the limits of the given Convention in our country a big work under the account of immovable historical and cultural objects of national heritage, on their study, preservation and popularisation was carried out. Turkmen experts together with the international experts had been preliminary selected the basic historical and cultural monuments of Turkmenistan for their inclusion in the List of the world heritage of UNESCO.
Inclusion in this prestigious list in 1999 of monuments of Ancient Marv became result of close cooperation of Turkmen and international experts. In 2005 UNESCO List replenished with one more object from Turkmenistan – architectural monuments of Kunyaurgench. In 2006 in Ashkhabad and Kunyaurgench the international scientific conference was held under the aegis of UNESCO according to historical and cultural values and to definition of ways of preservation of monuments of the world heritage. And in a year in the List of the world heritage of UNESCO was included Parthian fortresses of Nisa.
In Turkmenistan the great attention is given to study of such phenomenal phenomenon in the history of mankind what was the Great Silk road.
In December, 2018 in Ashkhabad the next, fifth meeting of Co-ordinating committee on the Serial nomination of the Silk Road to the List of the world heritage of UNESCO took place. Following the results of this meeting the recommendation for central Asian countries was co-ordinated to start preparation of a uniform package of corresponding documents on inclusion in the List of the world heritage of UNESCO of the Zeravshan-Kara Kum corridor as important central Asian site of the Great Silk road.
Within the limits of this transnational nomination from Turkmenistan at the first stage it was offered to begin working out of the necessary documentation on a piece of the Silk Road from Amul to Marv. As it is marked in medieval written sources, it was one of the most important, but during too time almost impassable caravan lines.
Experts of historical and cultural reserves of the country together with experts of UNESCO – employees of the CRAterre, the International centre for Earthen architecture (France), and also with the assistance of expedition of the Institute of Archaeology of University college of London carry out monitoring and preservation of ancient constructions from not burnt bricks is the most numerous category of monuments of Turkmenistan, besides the most vulnerable and fragile. This work in different years was carried out in Ancient Marv, Kunyaurgench and Nisa.
The wide experience of such joint activity and its prospect was considered at today’s online conference which Turkmen participants conducted with foreign colleagues conversation from the Ashkhabad Museum of fine arts where, including, surprising archaeological finds were presented.