Scientists from the Munich University have found out that the peak of possibilities the brain reaches, when to the human attains his 35.
Researchers for establishment of the given fact analysed twenty four thousand games of chess played for last hundred thirty years. In them it was made more than one and a half millions moves.
«This game – perhaps, the unique tool which allows to measure intelligence evolution in such wide interval of time as it has not changed at all for centuries, and can define efficiency of each move the computer program», – one of the authors of scientific work of Uwe Sunde underlined.
For an estimation of efficiency of strategy authors compared moves of players to an optimum move which recommended the computer. It was found out that productivity of games, and accordingly and work of the brain of the player, grew till 20 years. The maximum of brain activity was reached at the age of 35 and after 45 years productivity went on recession.
Besides, scientists have come to a conclusion that as species, the human becomes gradually cleverer. Grand masters of the nineteenth century made 44 % of optimum moves per game and at operating players their quantity has grown and makes 52 %.
Present masters as a whole show higher efficiency of game and players of the past reach blossoming of the mental faculties at much earlier age, than.
49-year-old William Steinitz became the first world champion, as it is known, in 1889. And achieved world triumph in 2013 to Norwegian Magnus Carlsen at the moment of a gain of a chess crown was only twenty two years.
Sunde has connected it with the advent of powerful computers – chess players have now a possibility to train in games with the special programs surpassing by possibilities of any live player and to get hand in in online games.