At the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, authorized representatives of Caspian littoral states discuss joint cooperation in the area of combatting illegal extraction of biological resources (poaching) in the Caspian Sea and a relevant five-sided treaty that would help resolve this issue.
“The protocol will take into account the interests of all Caspian littoral states and propose specific mechanisms for joint cooperation to combat irrational extraction of biological resources,” the Turkmen side said at the meeting.
The poaching issue in the Caspian Sea reached its peak in the 1990’s, raising the risk of extinction of sturgeon. It was lead to an employment problem in the coastal regions, as people earned their living by fishing. The situation began to improve due to increased attention to this issue at the summits of the heads of the Caspian littoral states.
Back in 2010, at the Summit in Baku, President Berdimuhamedov initiated the development of a specific document designed to rationalize the use of biological resources in the Caspian Sea and completely resolve this issue. The protocol, which to be agreed today in Ashgabat, would develop a clear multilateral mechanism to combat poaching, continuing to implement the initiatives proposed by Turkmenistan.
“The document would give us the opportunity to effectively combat poaching in the Caspian Sea, which would preserve common biological resources for our peoples and future generations,” Nuriman Junusov, Deputy Chairman of the Forestry and Wildlife Committee of the Agriculture Ministry of Kazakhstan, said. “At the meeting, a clear understanding on how we would interact in bilateral, multilateral, and five-sided formats in order to achieve the desired results was formed.”
The key-note of the document under consideration by representatives of the Caspian states was that the sides should join efforts in the area of combatting poaching.
“Thanks to the document under discussion, the competent authorities of Caspian states can get the opportunity to jointly counteract the illegal extraction of biological resources in the Caspian Sea,” Mehranpur Morteza, Director of Shilat Fisheries Association of Iran, said. “This problem is common, and the well-being of coastal regions to depend on its solution.”
The fourth meeting of the authorized representatives of Caspian states to finish its work on February 26.