At the general debates of the 75th session of the United Nations General Assembly that have been held on September 24, President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev made a speech in a video format.
The head of Azerbaijan said that adherence to the norms and principles of the international law and implementation of the UN Security Council resolutions must be ensured. in his speech, Aliyev also spoke about development of the country’s economy, GDP growth, participation in projects such as East-West, North-South and North-West transportation corridors.
President of Azerbaijan told the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railroad and the Baku International Trade Seaport with the potential of handling capacity of 25 million tons were commissioned. According to the Davos Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2019 – among 141 countries, Azerbaijan ranks 11th for “Efficiency of railroad services”, 12th for “Efficiency of air transportation services”, 25th for “Efficiency of seaport services” and 27th for “Quality of road infrastructure”.
Aliyev said Azerbaijan is a member of the international space club. Today the country has 3 satellites – 2 for telecommunication and one earth observation satellite.
In his speech, the leader of Azerbaijan paid special attention to the adoption of efficient measures to tackle the problem of freshwater shortage due to the climate change. Azerbaijan has ratified the Paris Agreement, with a voluntary obligation to achieve a 35% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to the base year 1990. In Azerbaijan, environmentally friendly natural gas and hydroelectric power stations for electricity generation are used.
Multiculturalism as the way of life for the people of the country, a visit of Pope Francis to Azerbaijan in 2016, restoration of mosques, churches, and synagogues as well as historical monuments were the separate topic in the speech of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the situation in the world entirely, and as a result, new realities have emerged, said Ilham Aliyev in his speech, having continued that mutual support and joint efforts are only way to overcome the pandemic.
Azerbaijan has taken timely and necessary preventive measures to stop the spread of the virus. The healthcare infrastructure in Azerbaijan has been developed and renovated significantly, with almost 700 hospitals and healthcare facilities built or completely renovated in the past 17 years. Thanks to measures undertaken, in Azerbaijan, the situation with COVID-19 has remained under control. The World Health Organization named Azerbaijan an example in the fight against the pandemic, Aliyev said.
The leader of Azerbaijan recalled that in 2016, with a unanimous decision of all 120 countries of Non-Aligned Movement, Azerbaijan was elected as a chair of this body. In October 2019, Azerbaijan assumed the chairmanship of Non-Aligned Movement during the 18th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement at the level of Heads of State and Government held in Baku. Aliyev assured that Azerbaijan will do its utmost to advocate for interests of the Non-Aligned Movement’s countries and will defend justice and norms of international law.
At the end of his speech, Ilham Aliyev put forward several proposals:
• The reforms within international organizations are particularly timely and essential in the post-pandemic period. In this regard, particular attention should be paid to increasing the UN’s role and prestige on the global level and its ability to undertake more adequate response measures concerning the challenges of modern times.
• The non-fulfillment of the Security Council resolutions undermines the prestige of the United Nations. Implementation mechanisms must be created for the UN Security Council resolutions.
• Refugees and internally displaced persons have become the most vulnerable group of the pandemic period. The return of these vulnerable groups to their native lands in safety and dignity gains great urgency.
• Ensuring affordability and fair distribution of a vaccine is necessary, while the least developed countries should get it free of charge. In this regard, additional oversight mechanisms should be developed.
• The scope of the pandemic’s negative impact on implementing the Sustainable Development Goals by the countries must be carefully analyzed, and solutions must be formulated.