In October, the Ashgabat School of Business and Law plans to launch business courses for children, as well as a crash English language course (21 days).
– Children absorb information like a sponge. Using new techniques, we lay an extensive knowledge base in them. The current adolescents who attend our course are the future IT specialists, lawyers, successful entrepreneurs, Ahmed Divanov, Director General of the School of Business and Law, says.
Among many other fields for children, the School actively practices mental arithmetic.
The history of arithmetic dates back to 2-3 millennia BC. Ancient people used any means for mathematical calculations: fingers, marks on a tree or bones, nodules on ropes.
In the 5th century BC, a counting board – abacus – was invented for precise arithmetic calculations. The “Ancient Calculator” worked on the following principle: pebbles were placed in the lines of abacus, which moved along lines or recesses.
In the modern world, when progress does not stop for a minute, historical counting methods have not lost their relevance.
Mental arithmetic is a certain system of development of children’s intelligence, which is a quick count in the mind, has gained popularity among modern schoolchildren. The teaching method is designed in such a way that it trains reaction speed, imaginative thinking and logic.
– Our teachers studied the course of metal arithmetic in Moscow. For a long time, while training our own children, we tried to understand how the quick computation learning system works. It was a pure experiment. Already in 2016, it was first time that our children performed at an exhibition on sports, tourism and education. Boys and girls, adding and subtracting multi-digit numbers in their minds, surprised everyone, Svetlana Durdiyeva, studies manager at the Ashgabat School of Business and Law, says.
Children from 6 to 16 years of age study an intensive course of mental arithmetic, which includes 7 levels. Each level lasts 3 months. Four initial steps cover adding and subtracting. At the fifth level, multiplication, at the sixth – division and at the seventh – the calculation of fractions are studied. The most difficult, however, is considered the basic level of subtraction and addition, since it is where the basis of mathematical problems is laid.
– The first thing we are trying to instill in our pupils is the culture of academic work. All our classes are time-constrained, so the guys and girls do not have a single free minute to distract. This course trains memory, shapes imagination. The pupil imagines the abacus in his mind and, guided by it, instantly gives an answer to the given example, Zhanna Mashtakova, mental arithmetic teacher, says.
The effect is noticeable immediately. Not only the pupil, but also the teacher does their job excellently. By the way, no other assessment is accepted in this school. In addition to quick counting, children are taught speed reading.
The advantages of speed reading are the quick absorption of the material, the activation of the mind, and the improvement of visual skills. The program, developed for a 6-month training period, includes the exercises to get rid of articulatory movements, speech therapy and time-constrained reading.
– 900 words per minute are very slow for our course. According to a special program developed by experienced teachers, we teach children to read about 3-5 thousand characters in 60 seconds. A line-by-line reading of the text “captures” keywords from the total volume. The child can immediately retell what he read and answer the questions on the text, Zhanna Sergeyevna explains.
A conditional triangle is placed in the center of the text, with the help of which the range of attention is expanded, and the human brain is able to independently complete the end lines, highlighting the main points in the paragraph.
I would like to summarize my acquaintance with mental arithmetic and speed reading with the words of Doctor of Physics and Mathematics Alexei Markushevich: “Anyone who has been studying mathematics since childhood, develops attention, trains the brain and will, fosters perseverance and persistence in achieving the goal”.