UNICEF and Women’s Committee of Uzbekistan with support of the European Union, launched a project to protect children affected by migration. The project is being rolled out in eight countries of Southeast, South and Central Asia, including Uzbekistan.
The project will be implemented till the end of 2020, families and children facing negative consequences of migration will be provided with social and moral assistance. Children left behind by migrating parents may find themselves in inadequate care and protection. Families affected by migration face difficulties and need social services.
This includes protection of children from violence and exploitation, ensuring access to basic services such as health and education, as well as ensuring their legal identity.
These children and families are reached through the Guardianship and Trusteeship bodies, therefore one of the goals of the project is to develop capacity of these bodies to provide quality social services for families affected by migration, and ensure that they have better access to child protection systems.
The project will undertake a study to understand the needs of migrant families and their children.
As experts highlight, the problem of migration is has a global nature. More and more people are leaving their homes and families in search of better lives and earnings. At the same time, Asia has the largest share of children affected by migration than other parts in the world.
The organizers of the project believe that combined effort will contribute to improve childcare system, especially, for children affected by migration.
According to experts in the field of migration, a very valuable experience in addressing the problems of migrants and stateless persons has been accumulated in Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan has acceded to the UN Convention and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, as well as to the UN Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the UN Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.
The laws “On migration”, “On citizenship”, “On refugees” that regulate the legal status of migrants, refugees and stateless persons, as well as guarantee their rights and freedoms, are adopted in the country.
Within the period of 2005-2016, about 20 thousand people, a significant part of whom are refugees, were admitted to citizenship of Turkmenistan on a voluntary basis.
They are provided with house and work, as well as with lands in rural areas. In addition, they have access to quality health care, education, etc.
Representatives of international organizations, and especially the UN bodies, having familiarized themselves with the work of the Turkmen government in the field of migration, usually recommend using this experience.